What To Know About Intravenous Therapy

Intravenous Therapy is treatment that delivers intravenous solutions (fluids, blood, medication and nutrients) directly into a person’s bloodstream through the vein. If your doctor has recommended IV therapy, you should get to know the process, potential side effects and risks of the treatment prior to make any decision. Here is a systematic intravenous therapy process completed by a trained infusion professional.

  • First, check selected IV for proper fluid, clarity and expiration date
  • Select appropriate administration set and catheter
  • Connect IV tubing to the IV bag
  • Prepare administration set (fills drip chamber and flushes tubing)
  • Cut or tear tapes at any time before venipuncture
  • Applies tourniquet
  • Palpates suitable vein
  • Cleanse site appropriately
  • Select appropriate catheter (correct size)
  • Performs venipuncture, insert stylette and secure it
  • Occludes vein proximal to catheter
  • Removes stylette
  • Dispose or verbalizes proper disposal of needle in proper container
  • Connect IV tubing to catheter
  • Release tourniquet
  • Runs IV for a brief period to assure patent line and proper flow
  • Adjust flow rate as appropriate
  • Secures catheter (tapes securely or verbalizes)
  • Ask the patient if they have any allergies
  • Select correct medication by looking at the concentration level and clarity
  • Assembled prefilled syringe correctly and dispose air
  • Cleanses injection site closest to the patient
  • Reaffirms medication and stop IV flow
  • Connect medication to the line and administer correct dose at proper push rate
  • Turns IV on and adjust drip rate
  • Lastly, verbalizes need to observe patient for desired effect and adverse side effects
  • Intravenous therapy treatment is relatively painless and quick. Talk to your doctor to know more about your treatment options.

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